In accordance with the Russian legislation, foreign citizens have the right to choose the type of work and profession, as well as the right to use their skills and property for entrepreneurial and other economic activity not prohibited by the law.
Both employers and hired foreign workers bear responsibility for violation of the procedure of attracting and use of foreign specialists.
LEGISLATIVE AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
"The Labour Code of the Russian Federation" (Federal Law No.197-FZ of December 30, 2001, as amended).
"The Code of Administrative Offences" (Federal Law No.195-FZ of December 30, 2001, as amended).
"On the Legal Status of Foreign Citizens in the Russian Federation" (Federal Law No.115-FZ of July 25, 2002, as amended).
"On Approval of Rules of determination by the public authorities of the Russian Federation needs to attract foreign workers" (Order of the Ministry of Labour of Russia No.27H of January 23, 2014, as amended).
"On approval of the list of professions (specialties, positions) to employ foreign workers arriving to the Russian Federation with a visa for the year …." (Order of the Ministry of Labour of Russia, updated annually).
The employer has the right to attract and employ foreign workers if he has the permission to use foreign workforce, while a foreign national has the right to work if he/she has reached the age of eighteen years and has a work permit or a patent, unless otherwise is stipulated by legislation.Depending on the documents processing procedures, all foreign nationals can be divided into the following groups:
for citizens of neighboring countries (Azerbaijan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan).
PROCEDURE OF GETTING
for non-CIS nationals (all countries other than CIS).
PROCEDURE OF GETTING
for highly qualified specialists (from both CIS and non-CIS countries).
For citizens of the Member States of the Eurasian Economic Union (Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan) if they are employed in the
Russian Federation, requirements to get various permits and to comply with restrictions on their use in certain types of business activity do